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Reactivity: The CD3 monoclonal antibody is directed against the CD3- antigen (T3-antigen), which is expressed on human T lymphocytes. The monoclonal antibody reacts with 80-90% human peripheral T lymphocytes and medullary thymocytes. The monoclonal antibody does not react with B-cells, monocytes, granulocytes and platelets. The monoclonal antibody is mitogenic for resting T lymphocytes and it blocks the cytolytic activity of CTL clones.
The CD4 antibody is directed against the CD4-antigen (T4-antigen), which is expressed on human peripheral T lymphocytes and 80% of thymocytes. The monoclonal antibody reacts on a low level with human monocytes and macrophages. The monoclonal antibody does not react with B-cells , granulocytes and thrombocytes.
Specificity: The CD3 antibody recognizes 22/26/30 kD MW lymphocyte surface molecules associated with the T cell antigen receptor complex. Reacts with 85% of peripheral blood T lymphocytes, 70% of thymocytes, the majority of T cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemias, Sezary leukaemias and approximately 70% of acute lymphoblastic leukaemias of T cell origin.
The CD4 antibody recognizes 60Kd MW lymphocyte surface antigen identified by monoclonal antibodies belonging to the CD4 cluster and present on 54% of peripheral blood T lymphocytes, 50% of thymocytes and some malignant cells of T cell origin. Normal B lymphocytes, monocytes or granulocytes do not express surface CD4 antigen although cytoplasmic expression has been observed in monocytes/macrophages. The CD4 positive T lymphocyte subpopulation has been characterised functionally as comprising helper cells active in amplification of immune responses.